ORIGIN:
Northern Russia and Siberia

PATROCINAGE:
NORDIC Countries (NKU)

DATA OF PUBBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD: 22.7.1997

UTILIZATION:
Sledge- and companion dog


CLASSIFICATION F.C.I.: GRUPPO 5
Spitz and primitive types.
Section 1.2 Nordic sledge dogs. Without working trial 

 

 

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GENERAL APPERANCE:
Medium in size, elegant, a white Arctic Spitz. In appearance gives the impression of power, endurance, charm, suppleness, dignity and self-confidence. The expression, the so-called "Samoyed Smile", is made up of a combination of eye shape and position, and the slightly curved up corners of the mouth.
The sex should be clearly stamped.

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IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS:
The length of the body is approximately 5% more than the height at the withers. The depth of the body is slightly less than the half of the height at the withers.
The muzzle is approximately as long as the skull.

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BEHAVIOUR AND TEMPERAMENT:
Friendly, open, alert and lively. The hunting instinct is very slight. Never shy nor aggressive. Very social and cannot be used as guard dog.

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HEAD:
Powerful and wedge-shaped.

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CRANIAL REGION:
SKULL: Viewed from the front and in profile only slightly convex. Broadest between the ears.
STOP
: Clearly defined but not too prominent.
Slightly visible furrow between the eyes.

 

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FACCIAL REGION :
NOSE: Well developed, preferably black. During some periods of the year the pigment of the nose can fade to a so called "winter nose"; there must however always be dark pigment at the edges of the nose.
MUZLE: and deep, approximately as long as the skull, gradually tapering towards the nose, neither snipey nor heavy and square. The bridge of the nose is straight.
LIPS:
Close fitting, black and rather full. The corners of the mouth are slightly

curved forming the characteristic "Samoyed Smile".
JAWS/TEETH /BITE: Regular and complete scissor bite. The teeth and the jaws are strong. Normal dentition.
EYES: Dark brown in colour, well-set in the sockets, placed rather apart, somewhat slanting and almond-shaped. The expression is "smiling", kind, alert and intelligent. The eyerims are black.
EARS:
Erect, rather small, thick, triangular and slightly rounded at the tips. They should be mobile, set high; due to the broad skull well apart.

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NECK:
Strong and of medium length with a proud carriage

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BODY:
Slightly longer than the height at the withers, deep and compact but supple.
WITHERS:Clearly defined
BACK: Of medium length, muscular and straight; in females slightly longer than in males.
LOIN: Short, very strong and defined.
GROUP: Full, strong, muscular and slightly sloping.
CHEST:
Broad, deep and long, reaching almost to the elbows.
The ribs are well sprung.
UNDERLINE: Moderate tuck-up.

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TAIL:
Set rather high. When the dog is alert and in motion the tail is carried bent from the root forward over the back or side, but may be hanging at rest, then reaching to the hocks.

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LIMBS FOREQUARTERS:
GENERAL APPEARANCE: General appearance: Well placed and muscular with strong bones. Viewed from the front straight and parallel.
SHOULDER: Long, firm and sloping.
UPPER ARM : Oblique and close to the body. Approximately as long as the shoulder.
ELBOW: Close to the body.
CARPUS: Strong but supple.
METACARPUS (Pastern): Slightly oblique.
FEET:
Oval with long toes, flexible and pointing straight forward.
Toes arched and not too tightly knit. Elastic pads.

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HINDQUARTERS:
GENERAL APPEARANCE: Viewed from behind straight and parallel with very strong muscles
UPPER THIGTH : Of medium length, rather broad and muscular.Stifle: Well angulated.
HOCKS: Rather low and well angulated.
METATARSUS:
Short, strong, vertical and parallel.
FEET: As front feet. The dewclaws should be removed.

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GAIT:
Powerful, free and tireless in appearance with long stride. Good reach in the forequarters and good driving power in the hindquarters.

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COAT:
HAIR: Profuse, thick, flexible and dense polar coat. The Samoyed is a double-coated dog with short, soft and dense undercoat and longer, more harsh and straight outer coat. The coat should form a ruff around the neck and shoulders framing the head, especially in males. On head and on front of legs, hair is short and smooth; on outside of ears short, standing off and smooth. Inside the ears should be well furred. On back of the thighs the hair forms trousers. There should be a protective growth of hair between the toes. The tail should be profusely covered with hair. The coat of the female is often shorter and softer in texture than that of the male. The correct coat texture should always have a special glistening sheen.

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COLOUR:
Pure white, cream or white with biscuit. (The basic colour to be white with a few biscuit markings.)
Should never give the impression of being pale brown.

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SIZE:
HEIGHT AT WITHERS: Ideal height: male 57 cm with a tolerance of +/-3 cm and females 53 cm with a tolerance of +/-3 cm.

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FAULTS:
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.
Visible faults in structure.
Light bone.
Males not masculine and females not feminine.
Pincer bite.
Yellow eyes.
Soft ears.
Barrel ribcage.
Double twisted tail.
Low on the legs.
Badly bow-legged or cow hocked.
Wavy or short coated throughout, long, soft or coat hanging down.
Aloofness.

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SERIUS FAULTS:
Clearly unpigmented areas on eyerims or lips.

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ELIMINATING FAULTS:
Eyes blue or of different colours
Overshot or undershot bite
Ears not erect
Coat colour other than permitted in the standard
Shy or aggressive disposition

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N.B.: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.